Friday, February 5, 2010

135 University Avenue, Palo Alto, CA November 8-14, 1969 The Poppycock

Palo Alto had a thriving bohemian scene in the early 1960s, spawning both Ken Kesey's acid tests and The Grateful Dead, among other things. However, the tiny scene centered around Dowtown Palo Alto and nearby Menlo Park (where Kepler's Books was located) rapidly scattered to San Francisco and Santa Cruz when things got interesting. Palo Alto was a college town, liberal and progressive, but oddly sleepy--one San Francisco columnist (a former resident) accurately called it "a hotbed of social rest," which it remains today. By the late 1960s, Palo Alto was in a funny niche--a town whose residents were tolerant of long hair, funny smelling smoke and new ideas, but not particularly interested in exploring it themselves.

The net result was that Palo Alto had a thriving if small concert scene in the late 1960s, which hardly bothered the tolerant residents, but at the same time not large enough to develop any traction on its own. The town of Palo Alto had a very odd history, the essence of which was that railroad mogul Leland Stanford founded the town on the basis of being anti-liquor, in contrast to sinful Mayfield just a few miles away (California Avenue to any locals from this century). Although the history of alcohol and Palo Alto had undergone some twists and turns, by the mid-1960s you could buy beer at a restaurant Downtown, but there were still no bars. Thus any local beer joints had a surprisingly important status in Downtown Palo Alto, since a frosty Budweiser was the closest thing you could get to a drink.

I have written previously of the epic 1967 Palo Alto Be-In and the surprising series of free outdoor concerts that followed. Along with a willingness to allow the local hippies to put on free concerts in the city park nearest downtown (El Camino Park), Palo Alto also had its very own rock club, The Poppycock, a peculiar little venue all but forgotten by everyone except Ross and me. It was located near the train station, on University Avenue and High Street--could you make this up?--and next door to the pizza parlor where Jerry Garcia and other folkies had honed their chops to tiny audiences in the early 1960s. The building is still intact: here is a 2006 photo, and while it has been remodeled it gives a sense of the modest scale of the structure.
(for former or current Palo Altans, the building is at 135 University at High Street. The Tangent (and The Top Of The Tangent) was next door at 117 University. At the time of this photo, it was a branch of Stanford University Bookstore, who has since vacated, but the building is still for lease last I checked. The building has been substantially remodeled since its Poppycock days).

Downtown Palo Alto had kind of died in the mid-1950s, thanks to the opening of the nearby Stanford Shopping Center. The moribund real estate market allowed some hippie types to buy the three story 135 University building in about 1967. While offices were rented upstairs, the owners (whose names remain inaccessible to me) opened a Fish "N' Chips take out shop on the ground floor, with a beer joint/night club, complete with light show providing nightly entertainment. A couple of historic facts stand out about The Poppycock at this time
  • English readers of this blog will be startled to know that Fish And Chips was exotic enough in California to count as "ethnic cuisine", and
  • With no bars downtown (because they were against the law), a hippie beer joint was exactly the only place the local longhairs over the age of 21 could go hang for a drink
In 1967 The Poppycock was sort of like a lounge, as near as I can tell, with regular entertainment but not "names" (a local jazz trio did play there regularly, featuring Woodside High School student Mike Shrieve on drums). By 1968, however, the club had switched to a more rock-oriented format, albeit with some folk and Theater mixed in. The Bay Area was the place to be for rising rock bands, and a circuit was developing for working bands, that included The Matrix in San Francisco, The New Orleans House in Berkeley and The Poppycock. Bands on the road could "tour" the Bay Area, in between more high profile gigs opening at The Fillmore and The Avalon. At the same time, local bands had a place to build their audiences.

The audience of The Poppycock was slightly at odds with the town. The hippest people in Palo Alto were the local High School students, but of course they couldn't get into a bar, and were "forced" to go the Fillmore or whatever other concerts were nearby. Conversely, long-haired 20 somethings from Santa Clara to San Mateo had few choices for nighttime entertainment, since while there were plenty of bars in the South Bay, they didn't always play original rock music nor were they necessarily sympathetic to hippies. While a hippie in the South Bay was rarely subject to physical violence (it being a hotbed of social rest, after all), the point of going out was to meet like minded people, preferably of the opposite gender, and for hippies in the South Bay that meant The Poppyock.

As a result, the hip Palo Alto residents couldn't get into The Poppycock because they were minors. Most young working people didn't live in Palo Alto, however, because it was too dull and expensive, but paradoxically for those who lived in in the nearby counties the Poppycock was a destination, particularly on weekends, because the cheaper suburban towns weren't tolerant enough of longhair hippie establishments.

November 8, 1969 Poppycock Calendar.
Ross found this poster somewhere, I don't know where, but in any case only he and I would care. Its actually a pretty good snapshot of the kind of acts who played The Poppycock.

Saturday, November 8, 1969   John Fahey/Billy Joe Becoat
John Fahey was Berkeley's legendary pioneer of acoustic guitar, a huge influence on both Country Joe and The Fish and Leo Kottke. If that makes sense to you, you'd like John Fahey. Billy Joe Becoat apparently recorded an album for Fantasy this year, but I know nothing else about him.

Sunday, November 9, 1969 The Rhythm Dukes
The Rhythm Dukes at this time featured former Moby Grape members Jerry Miller and Don Stevenson, along with bassist John Barrett and drummer John Oxendine, both formerly of the group Boogie. Stevenson had played drums in Moby Grape, but he switched to guitar for this group. This promising group lived in Boulder Creek in the Santa Cruz Mountains, and were a good example of the type of band that played The Poppycock because there were few other South Bay outlets for original music.

Monday, November 10, 1969 Open Mike-Auditions
Tuesday, November 11, 1969 Folk-Blues Workshop
The Poppycock was professionally connected to The Top Of The Tangent, next door, although it may have been called The Trip Room by then. The Folk Blues Workshop was a kind of "Best Of The Hoots" ensemble that played different clubs around the Bay Area. The best known graduate of this process was folksinger Jim Page (no, not him), now based out of Washington State.

Wednesday, November 12, 1969 Canterbury Fair
Although I know nothing of Canterbury Fair, they were a familiar name on Bay Area rock venues at small clubs during this period.

Thursday, November 13, 1969 New Riders Of The Purple Sage
At this time, Jerry Garcia had recently helped establish The New Riders Of The Purple Sage as a vehicle for him to play pedal steel guitar. Old Los Altos pal John Dawson wrote and sang the songs, and David Nelson provided the electric guitar licks, Buck Owens style. Phil Lesh played bass and Mickey Hart played drums. During this period, the New Riders played a lot of Bay Area clubs on weeknights, as long as the Dead were not on tour.

The Grateful Dead had formed in Palo Alto, as The Warlocks, but to my knowledge they never had a paying gig in the town. They played The Big Beat Acid Test (in South Palo Alto, at 998 San Antonio Road), and they had even auditioned at Palo Alto's first folk club, St. Michael's Alley, at 436 Hamilton (they flunked). But there were no gigs in Palo Alto for long hair bands, to my knowledge, and they had to start playing various clubs in the South Bay along the El Camino Real Strip, which ultimately led them to San Francisco.

The Grateful Dead had played the Palo Alto Be-In on June 24, 1967, but of course that was a free concert. I believe the November 14, 1969 Poppycock gig to be the first time Jerry Garcia got paid for a show in downtown Palo Alto since the days of Mother McRee's Uptown Jug Band Champions in 1965.

It very well may be that the New Riders appeared again the next Thursday--the band definitely were scheduled for Thursday November 20, and the poster seems to imply multiple Thursdays.

Coming Soon
November 28-29 Cal Tjader
[undated] San Francisco Mime Troupe
December 31 Charlie Musselwhite

Jazz musician Cal Tjader, a critical figure in Latin jazz, was actually born in the South Bay and of Swedish extraction. As such, he was a popular local figure, independent of local rock currents.

The San Francisco Mime Troupe had been a popular counterculture attraction for some years. The Poppycock had a fair amount of theater events, particularly on weeknights.

Charlie Musselwhite had taken a month's leave from his job in a Chicago steel mill in 1967, and he stayed for over 30 years. It is possible that his band already featured Ukiah guitarist Robben Ford.

We are working on a complete Poppycock venue history, but it remains in progress. Anyone with insights, corrections or recovered memories (real or imagined) please Comment or eMail.


  1. I was 8 years old and my dad, Roy Kelsey, ran the Poppycock during the time reflected in the poster. I remember the Poppycock well, helping mix up paint in psychedelic colors used to advertise bands on the front window; eating lots of fish and chips; mixing up odd combinations of soda from the fountain - wild cherry + blackberry + 7-Up= manic little kids. It was a wonderful and unique place in Palo Alto. I wasn't often able to stay up late enough to see the bands, but I remember the line-ups shown in the poster.

  2. Allison, this is fascinating information, thank you so much for including this. I was 11 in 1969, but only faintly interested in rock music at the time. I am from Palo Alto, but we mostly went there for fish and chips. It was only later when I thought about what I had walked right past many times.

    The Poppycock was open from 1967 to 1971, and then became a jazz joint called In Your Ear. The building burned down in 1972. Did your father run it the entire time, or only for a period?

    1. In Your Ear was run by Eric (can't remember his last name).

  3. harvey koch owned the building, i rented the 3rd floor and did the light shows at the poppycock in 1968 & 69 and booked the bands, as far as i remember ron hiblen and his brother owned the business, we used to break-in to the abandoned building next door (through the roof and brought extension cords with us) for imprompto parties - everyone had to go from roof to roof to get in

    1. John, thank you for filling in the details of this long lost piece of Palo Alto history, Was the building next door 117/119 University, the site of the Tangent (and later "The Blue Room")

    2. excuse me, not the "Blue Room" but the "Trip Room"

  4. Great info...I ran the Top of the Tangent Open Mike from 1965 to late 1969 at the Folk & Blues Workshop which was an open mike formate and young people could come in and did. Jim Page was Jim Luft then and moved to Seattle in the early 70s. I see him regularly. I continued open mikes under Victory Music for decades and today run a quarterly open mike for those graduates from 1965 to 1990 along with a printed history magazine Ancient Victorys News. Some players from those mikes: Jim Page, Teresa Tudury, Eric Eshleman, Ed Johnson, Dave Lippman, Frank Ludwig, Ed Littlefield, Andy Hardwick, Roger Lubin for instance...anyone interested contact me Chris Lunn, Ancient Victorys,POB 7515, Bonney Lake,WA 98391

  5. email address above is incorrect the correct one is :

    1. Chris, thank you so much for confirming this information.

    2. In September 1968, the Folk And Blues Workshop played some shows at the Freight And Salvage in Berkeley--did these feature the Palo Alto performers, or was it open mic for Berkeley musicians as well?

  6. Stumbled upon all this when searching re: Poppycock/In Your Ear; I remember both. Saw Sonny Terry & Brownie McGee @ the latter...hung out @ East Farthing Trading Co., Dana Morgan's Music, and those Lytton Plaza gatherings...great times for a teenager. :-]

  7. In Your Ear, the managers name was Rick Madsen

  8. I was old enough to appreciate acts performing at the Poppycock and acted old enough to sneak in to see Charlie Musselwhite. In spite of the
    earlier comments that Palo Altans were "restful" regarding alternate lifestyles, efforts to close the Poppycock were frequent as I recall it was referred to as "a hotbed of crime downtown" by police and the Palo Alto Times newspaper. It was a great place!

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  13. I’m producing a Charlie Musselwhite show on 12/29/19 at The Palo Alto JCC, which I believe is near the site of The Big Beat. —Mark Weiss Dba Earthwise

    1. Yes, pretty much walking distance. I believe there is a flyer for Charlie Musselwhite at the Big Beat from March 1968.

  14. Saw Robben Ford there; Larry Coryell too. Wish I had been a year older (only back then, however, not now!)

  15. I came to CA after graduating from U of Florida, where I was a working guitarist. The only jazz in that town happened in a couple of African-American nightclubs, not on campus. I was house guitarist at Sarah's Restaurant, one of those nightclubs.

    Howard Roberts was the first big-city, small-ensemble jazz guitarist I'd ever seen live. The visual image of his economical movements on the fretboard and his ability to swing and play melodically changed my ideas instantly. It was the biggest purely-observational lesson of my musical career up to then.

    No, I did't get good enough, fast enough, to play at Poppycock. My highlights have been a jazz album as leader with violinist Johnny Frigo and a six-year run appearing at the San Jose Jazz Festival. Joe spun be around and pointed me in the right direction.

  16. I heard Sonny Terry & Brownie McGhee @ the Poppycock or In Your Ear, where I also heard Mose Allison & the Charlatans when I was in high school, back when Palo Alto had an actual musical scene.